Science – technology and production reorganization are assessed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development as two important pillars in the project of restructuring the agricultural sector towards modernity. Both of the above aspects are closely related to digital transformation.

Current status of technology application

Recently, Vietnam’s agricultural industry has begun to pay more attention to digital transformation solutions and applications in almost all fields. In farming, IoT technology, Big Data began to be applied through digital technology products such as software that allows analysis of data about the environment, soil, plant type and growth stage. Consumers can retrieve and track these parameters in real time…
In animal husbandry, IoT, blockchain, and biotechnology technologies are widely applied. The dairy industry applies digital technology the most, with the most prominent models being the modern farms of TH True Milk and Vinamilk.
In forestry, applying DND technology in the management of forest varieties and forest products; GIS technology and remote sensing images to build software for early detection and warning of forest fires from satellite images, monitoring software and early detection of deforestation, forest degradation…



In fisheries, digital transformation is also strong such as the use of ultrasonic fish detectors, flow meters, satellite phones; seine receiver (standing); capture and drop net capture system, GIS technology and global positioning system (GPS) to help manage offshore fishing fleet…

Artificial intelligence technology has been used in shrimp farming to analyze water quality data; feed and health management of farmed shrimp. Automation technology has been widely applied in seafood processing from sorting, steaming, packaging, production lines, etc., helping to reduce production costs and ensure the quality of seafood products.

However, it must be frankly admitted that with a rather fragmented agriculture, there are few large enterprises such as Truong Hai Agriculture Joint Stock Company – THAGRICO to form agricultural workers, the digital transformation process in Vietnam’s agriculture will not be successful. The South is still slow and the coverage is not wide. The standard model of agricultural production management: “Complex + Company – Cluster of factories – Enterprises – Farms” is still small, so there are not as many “digital farmers” as other countries in the region. In Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand and Indonesia, spraying aircraft is quite common, but we are not.

Vietnam’s agriculture has not yet seen a combination of mixed energy systems for production from different sources (grid power, solar, wind power, …) used for irrigation and cold storage, with the aim of The purpose is to serve small farms and areas in remote, isolated or without electricity. We seem to be falling behind a lot of countries in the region.

Digital transformation goals


The goal by 2025 on the development of digital government in agriculture is to basically complete the database on crops, livestock and fisheries; building a digital agricultural map ready to connect, share and provide open data to perform online public services for people and businesses, operate e-government, move towards digital government, develop digital economy, digital society; building a blockchain technology application platform to provide information on the environment, weather, and land quality to serve farmers with high productivity and crop quality, and to support the sharing of agricultural equipment over the Internet. digital platform.

Regarding the vision of digital transformation in the agricultural sector by 2030, it is determined to create an environment and an agricultural digital ecosystem as the foundation, create institutions, and promote the transformation from “Agricultural production” to “Agricultural economy”; develop hi-tech agriculture in the direction of focusing on smart agriculture and precision agriculture, increasing the proportion of digital agriculture in the economy.

Digital transformation helps connect 9 million farming households with processing and trading enterprises associated with 100 million consumers nationwide, even billions of consumers around the world. This is an opportunity for us to change the small, inefficient production model and lack of value chain linkages that have existed in our country’s agriculture for decades.

The goal of digital transformation of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is to promote farmers and businesses participating in agricultural activities to increase the application of digital technology to the production process and provide agricultural services. The Ministry will participate in all process of origin management and supervision; forming a digital agricultural ecosystem to encourage people and businesses to participate in digital transformation and application of digital technology in the process of agricultural production and service provision.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has set a goal of building 80% of a digital database on agriculture, updated on the basis of big data (Big data) with the contributions of organizations, individuals and communities knowledgeable about knowledge. agriculture in the fields of crops, livestock, fisheries, processing… Farmers need to have access to agricultural digital maps and be provided with open data to perform online public services to serve the people and Enterprises, operate e-government, move towards digital government, develop digital economy and digital society.

Step by step forming a  digital agricultural ecosystem

For digital transformation in agriculture, Director of the Department of Science, Technology and Environment (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) Nguyen Thi Thanh Thuy said that promulgated policies need to be in line with production practice and highly practical in order to achieve digital transformation. mobilize resources for synchronous and comprehensive development of smart agriculture 4.0. From there, actively invest in technology suitable to each ecological region and production scale to create a new vitality.

Many opinions also recommend that investing in people’s minds is the most important. If there is a good mindset, there are programs to develop thinking directly for people, for every 1 million people, about 10,000 people apply digital transformation thinking, it will also change millions of people. Most importantly, it takes a combination of both policy and education for successful digital transformation in agriculture.

According to the assessment, the potential of digital transformation in agriculture in Vietnam is very great because of the high support from agencies, ministries, branches to technology enterprises, agricultural enterprises. This is a global trend, no one can go against it. Therefore, it is necessary to do better, invest more in technology and software to increase the efficiency of management and production in the future, moving towards a smart agriculture.

“Connecting all things, connecting with people and things is too difficult, leading to a rescue story in many seasons, which is cyclical. Only when it is positioned and transparent with data and information can the agricultural industry reach further. In addition, transparency also creates the brand name of responsible agriculture. Although the change will be difficult because we are used to the old house, when moving to the new house there will be initial surprises, but it is our duty to change.” –  Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Le Minh Hoan


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